Author Archives: iPAn

About iPAn

Independent Pan African News Network aims to provide accurate, fair and balanced African news stories relating to economics, lifestyles & cultural activities, in the form of videos, audio podcasts and written articles for both online and broadcasting.

Brand South Africa

World Bank’s Systematic Country Diagnostic Report highlights applications on how South Africa can address challenges to create a more inclusive society

Brand South Africa welcomes the World Bank’s recently released a report which explores key development challenges and opportunities for South Africa and identified five binding constraints to tackling poverty and inequality.

The report titled ‘Systematic Country Diagnostic – An Incomplete Transition: Overcoming the Legacy of Exclusion in South Africa,’ indicates that the root causes of persistently high poverty, inequality, and unemployment are associated to South Africa’s history of

exclusion, which is rooted in land, capital, labour and product markets. This is despite advancements made since the country’s democratic dispensation in 1994.

According to the new World Bank Group Systematic Country Diagnostic (SCD) on South Africa ‘tackling the root causes of poverty, inequality, and unemployment through coordinated reforms could help South Africa make further progress toward its Vision 2030

in the National Development Plan (NDP).’

The report which was prepared in consultation with South African national authorities and other stakeholders, examines the relationship between ‘history, social, economic, financial, fiscal and environmental issues, and their impact on poverty and inequality.’

The report notes that many of the identified challenges, are linked to South Africa’s long history of exclusion and puts distinct focus to the need for large-scale job creation. The diagnostic states that ‘while South Africa underwent a successful and peaceful

political transition in 1994, too many South Africans remain excluded from participating in the economy, rendering the transition incomplete.’

Commenting on the report – Brand South Africa’s General Manager for Research Dr Petrus de Kock said: “As the World Bank report indicates, poverty has declined since 1994. This has been achieved through successful government interventions in the provision of

water, electricity, sanitation, and housing. However, inequality, especially along racial and gender lines, has increased. 

The diagnostic identifies five binding constraints that reflect the root causes in tackling poverty and inequality in the country, and recommendations:

  • Insufficient skills – the SCD recommends focusing on children and young adults as the most critical approach to addressing this constraint.
  • Skewed distribution of land and productive assets and weak property rights – the SCD suggests reforms that can strengthen the asset base of the poor, while also increasing property security for investors. 
  • Low competition and low integration in global and regional value chains  reform of transport-related state-owned enterprises, including greater private sector participation.
  • Limited or expensive connectivity and under-serviced historically disadvantaged settlements  policy options include fostering strategic densification of cities and diversifications of land use, as well as expanding basic services in underserviced settlements. 
  • Climate shocks  disruptions to the economy and jobs as South Africa transitions to a low-carbon economy will need to be mitigated carefully, the diagnostic suggests.

“Reducing poverty and inequality is the overriding objective of the NDP. Evident from the World Bank’s SCD report is that we need to work as a collective and across all sectors to ensure that our policies encourage the growth and the

enhancement of the Nation Brand’s reputation both internally and externally. Several global studies indicate a correlation between the reputation of a Nation Brand and the flow of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), as well as internal investor confidence.

“Thus an enhanced reputation through clear interventions to tackle corruption, inefficiency, and unethical behavior in both the public and private sectors, can go a long way towards improving domestic- and international business confidence in South Africa as

trade partner, investment destination, and catalytic market that enables trade in the Sub-Saharan African environment. Improved business confidence can lead to increased internal and foreign investment, with the consequence of creating employment and

opportunities for skills development,” added Dr de Kock.

Paul Noumba Um, the World Bank’s Country Director for South Africa, is quoted saying: “The Government of South Africa has done much to address its most pressing development challenges, the triple challenge of high unemployment, poverty and inequality,

but much still remains to be done. The World Bank stands ready to support South Africa in its efforts to tackle the triple challenge.” 

Notes to the Editor

About Brand South Africa

Brand South Africa is the official marketing agency of South Africa, with a mandate to build the country’s brand reputation, in order to improve its global competitiveness. Its aim is also to build pride and patriotism among South Africans, in order to contribute to social cohesion and nation brand ambassadorship.

About Play Your Part

Play Your Part is a nationwide programme created to inspire, empower and celebrate active citizenship in South Africa.  It aims to lift the spirit of our nation by inspiring all South Africans to contribute to positive change, become involved and start doing. A nation of people who care deeply for one another and the environment in which they live is good for everyone. 

Play Your Part is aimed at all South Africans – from corporates and individuals, NGOs and government, churches and schools, from the young to the not-so-young.  It aims to encourage South Africans to use some of their time, money, skills or goods to contribute to a better future for all.

Djibouti

Djibouti Gets $110,000 Worth of ICT Equipment to Fight Financial Crimes

COMESA has handed over Information and Communications Technology (ICT) equipment

and analytical software worth over US$ 110,000 to the Djibouti Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU). The tools were procured through COMESA Regional Maritime Security (MASE) programme, which is funded by the European Union.

The equipment is intended to enhance the efficiency of the analytical work done by the FIU Unit as well as the quality of the intelligence disseminated to Law Enforcement Agencies and other relevant stakeholder in support of the country’s daily efforts to fight money laundering and financial crimes.

Receiving the equipment on behalf of the government, Central Bank of Djibouti Governor Mr. Ahmed Osman Ali said the fight against financial crime needs concerted efforts.

“This handover we are witnessing today is very important for Djibouti and it will greatly booster our efforts in tackling the different forms of financial crime in this region,” he said.

He commended COMESA and the EU for providing the equipment and added that the Central Bank is more than ready to use it effectively and achieve the desired results.

Apart from strengthening the IT capacity of its FIU, COMESA has also assisted Djibouti in translating its anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) Laws into Arabic, an important step in the country’s endeavor to align its policies to international standards and become a member of the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force (MENAFATF). Representative of COMESA Secretary General, Ms. Elizabeth Mutunga, said COMESA’s main concern is to strengthen the fight against money laundering, adding that piracy, or any other crime is motivated and propagated by money.

She said: “If the ability for criminals to access their illicit funds arising from criminal activities is made more difficult, then we can expect that the crime will also be reduced and hopefully eradicated.”

EU Resident Representative in Djibouti Ambassador Adam Kulach said the fight against money laundering in the region will only succeed if key institutions such as Central Banks are strengthened. He reiterated the EU’s commitment to support the

region and urged the Central Bank to put the equipment to good use.

Three other Regional Economic Communities (RECs) are implementing the MASE programme addressing different components of maritime security and the fight against maritime crimes. The RECs are the Inter-Governmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the East African Community (EAC) and the Indian Ocean Community (IOC).

COMESA component of the programme is implemented in partnership with Interpol, focusing on building capacity in the ESA-IO region to disrupt financial network of pirates and their financiers. COMESA strives to strengthen Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) chain, from improving the legal environment to strengthening the capacity of law enforcement agencies to investigate and prosecute financial crimes.

Sisa Ngombane

South Africa withdraws its Ambassador to Israel following Israel’s deadly attack in the Gaza Strip

The South African government condemns in the strongest terms possible the latest act of violent aggression carried out by Israeli armed forces along the Gaza border, which has led to the deaths of over 40 civilians. The victims were taking part in a peaceful protest against the provocative inauguration of the US embassy in Jerusalem.
This latest attack has resulted in scores of other Palestinian citizens reported injured, and the wanton destruction of property.
Given the indiscriminate and grave manner of the latest Israeli attack, the South African government has taken a decision to recall Ambassador Sisa Ngombane with immediate effect until further notice.
As we have stated on previous occasions, South Africa reiterates its view that the Israeli Defence Force must withdraw from the Gaza Strip and bring to an end the violent and destructive incursions into Palestinian territories. South Africa maintains further that the violence in the Gaza Strip will stand in the way of rebuilding Palestinian institutions and infrastructure.
The routine actions of the Israeli armed forces present yet another obstacle to a permanent resolution to the conflict, which must come in the form of two states, Palestine and Israel, existing side-by-side and in peace.
Like other members of the international community, South Africa is disturbed by the latest deadly aggression and reiterates calls made by several member states of the United Nations for an independent inquiry into the killings, with a view to holding to account those who are responsible.
Department of Home Affairs

Home Affairs expresses condolences on death of a cancer patient at Barrack Office in Cape Town

The Department of Home Affairs has today expressed its heartfelt condolences to the family of a cancer patient who died at the Barrack Office in Cape Town. The 45 year old man was brought to the office by members of his family, to help him get an ID as he was very sick.

On arrival, the family was assisted immediately from the vehicle by the office supervisor who had gone out of the office for a routine check, which is part of the campaign against long queues that the department recently launched.

With the help of the supervisor, the client was helped to alight from the vehicle and was taken straight into the office, to fulfill his request for an ID. He did not have to wait in a queue. The man was issued first with a temporary ID so he could apply for a smart ID card, which process he had started when he gave his last breath in the photo booth.

The family was grateful that we issued him a temporary ID before he passed on as this will ensure a dignified burial for him. A death certificate will be issued. The department would like to thank officials at Barrack for their speedy response and for doing all in their power to assist the deceased as well as the family in their hour of need. Officials who were visibly traumatized, are receiving counselling and other support from the department’s wellness team.

May our client’s soul rest in peace.

International Monetary Fund

Statement by IMF First Deputy Managing Director David Lipton on Meeting with Egypt’s President

Following a meeting with Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah El Sisi in Cairo today, Mr. David Lipton, First Deputy Managing Director of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), issued the following statement:

“President El Sisi and I discussed Egypt’s economic outlook and progress in Egypt’s reform program supported by the IMF. The reforms have started to reap results, especially with regard to Egypt’s macroeconomic stabilization: growth is at the highest rate since 2008, inflation has rapidly declined, foreign exchange reserves are at record levels, exports are growing and unemployment has declined.

“We also discussed the outcome of the Inclusive Growth and Job Creation Conference [link to the PR announcing the conference], co-organized by the Egyptian authorities and the IMF in Cairo May 5-6. I was encouraged by the determination, shared by policy makers, the private sector, members of the parliament and civil society. There was consensus that Egypt needs to lock in the gains in macroeconomic stabilization and shift gears towards the implementation of a home-grown structural reform agenda to achieve more inclusive and private sector-led growth. This will help create jobs, which is the best way to reduce poverty and improve living standards. In this context, the conference also benefited from the participation of former senior policymakers from Korea, India and Malaysia who shared their reform experiences.

“I thanked President El Sisi, Prime Minister Sherif Ismail, Governor of the Central Bank of Egypt Tarek Amer and the Minister of Finance Amr El Garhy for co-hosting the conference. As we continue our partnership, we stand ready to help Egypt achieve a better future for its people.”

Fedusa

Appeal Tariffs Exemption Ruling– FEDUSA

The Federation of Unions of South Africa (FEDUSA) wants government to appeal the decision by American President Donald Trump on Tuesday not to grant South Africa exemption from steel and aluminium tariffs as this decision will only accelerate job losses in the manufacturing and mining industries, sectors that have already shed thousands of jobs due to the unfavourable global economic situation.

FEDUSA believes that at any rate South African steel and aluminium exports to the US are so negligible as to constitute any threat to that country’s national security.

According to the figures that have been cited by the Department of Trade and Industry from the US Census Bureau data, in 2017 the US imported a total of 33.4 million tons of steel, of which imports from SA were approximately 330 000 tons or 0.98% of total US imports and 0.3% of total US steel demand of 107 million tons, the 330 kilo tons exported from SA represents only 5% of SA production equating to roughly 7500 jobs in the steel supply chain.

 

As such, SA does not pose a threat to US national security and to the US steel and aluminium industries but is a source of strategic primary and secondary products used in further value added manufacturing in the US contributing to jobs in both countries.  However, due to these measures, SA will be disproportionately affected both in terms of jobs and productive capacity. Furthermore, SA offered to restrict exports to a quota based on 2017 exports level. However, despite these assurances, the United States has decided not to exempt South Africa from the duties,” the DTI said in a statement.

“It is important to note that some of the exempted countries are the biggest exporters of steel and aluminium to the United States.  For steel imports: collectively, countries granted exemption accounted for 58% of total steel imports into the United States in 2017. For aluminium imports: collectively, countries granted exemptions accounted for 49% of total aluminium imports into the United States over the same period”.

FEDUSA will be working with International Trade Union Confederation and other fraternal labour formations in the US to exert pressure on the Trump administration to reconsider its tariff decision against South Africa.

FEDUSA General Secretary Dennis George said it ironic that the decision to exclude South Africa from the tariff exemptions was taken after President Trump played a round of gold with Australian businessman Joe Hockey.

George Nene

A FREEDOM FIGHTER WHO CUT HIS DIPLOMATIC TEETH IN NIGERIA, DEPARTS-Tribute by ANC Veteran – Patric Makhaya Kwinana

George Nene, best known as Dikgang in the struggle, has fallen. I will take the Nigerian angle, which may be the least known. Apart from our days in Lusaka, we spent time in Nigeria where I was a student at the University of Nigeria and he was a Chief Rep. At the time of my arrival in January 1987, our Chief Rep there was Victor Matlou. A year later, Dikgang arrived to replace him, to assume his first diplomatic posting. We spent three years together before I left him there at the end of 1990.
Dikgang was a cool, profound and incisive thinker and analyst. He was also an ambidextrous and crafty diplomat; and a good writer. My univeristy was in Anambra State, Eastern Nigeria, more towards Cameroon, while the ANC office was in the then capital, Lagos, in the west coast. I would however, visit Dikgang from time to time on weekends and holidays. As he was under-staffed at that stage (running the office only with a Nigerian lady secretary) he would ask me to assist with writing speeches about the situation inside the country and dispose of political correspondence. He knew my DIP background would come in handy.
After Mandela’s release in February 1990, he was on “Thank You” visits in various parts of the world. I was doing my fourth and final year at that stage. One week-end I got to his Victoria Island residence (there is Lagos Mainland and Lagos Island). He shared with me his “diplomatic headache”. At that stage the HQ had moved from Lusaka to JHB. He got correspondence from the HQ to communicate with then President Ibrahim Babangida that Mandela would be coming. No problem. But there was an Obasanjo problem. Let me quickly sketch some background about Obasanjo so that you understand the problem in context.
In 1976, a senior military officer, Dimka, assasinated Murtala Mohammed in an attempted coup. General Olusegun Obasanjo negotiated Dimka’s surrender successfully. The offender was executed and the Federal Military Council appointed Gen Olusegun Obasanjo as the new Head of State. It is said in 1977, O.R. Tambo presented T. Mbeki to Obasanjo as a Chief Rep. In 1979 Obasanjo handed power to a civilian government led by Shehu Shagari in 1979. In 1983 the Shagari govt was toppled by Muhammadu Buhari. Obasanjo objected and Buhari locked him up. In 1986, General Babangida toppled Buhari. Senior military officers called on Babangida to release Obasanjo, which he did. Obasanjo was a wealthy farmer.
Dikgang told me that when “Obasanjo’s people” heard that Mandela was coming, they came to him to request that Mandela must also visit Obasanjo at his farm, “as if he is a Head of State”. They made a meal of Obasanjo’s previous contact with OR and TM to stake a claim on Mandela. He told the Obasanjo delegation that Mandela was a guest of the Nigerian gvt, as Nigerians they must go to their government. “You are the Mandela man here. So you must talk to Ibrahim Babangida”. That’s how they put pressure on him. They kept on phoning and sending people to his office to find out how far he was. We explored various scenarios. When I travelled back to Anambra State, I still left him in a quagmire.
A few weeks later, the Nigerian media reported that Nelson Mandela would be visiting Nigeria. He would be hosted by President Ibrahim Babangida in Lagos, then by the Governor of Anambra State in the East, and by the Govenor of Kaduna State in the North. We saw Mandela and his entourage on TV arriving in Lagos. His visit to Lagos was concluded a few days later. We travelled to Enugu stadium one day where Mandela was to be hosted by the Governor. The stadium was packed to capacity: musicians, cultural troupes etc. By late afternoon, Mandela had not yet turned up. It started raining. The MC announced through the loud hailer that we must leave and come back the following day.

The day was bright and beautiful. The whole of Eastern Nigeria descended on the grounds. Mandela arrived with Winnie, Stanley Mabizela, other “exiles and inxiles” and Rivonia Trialists. A group of us as South African students were given chairs next to the VIP section.
In his speech, Mandela started by apologising for not having turned up the previous day:
Yesterday I was invited by General Olusegun Obasanjo on his farm. There was a lot of food We attacked goat meat; we attacked beef; we attacked bush meat; we attacked a special kind of fish etc etc. General Obasanjo said eat Mandela, you had no food in prison. Indeed, I have not seen so much food since I was released. General Obasanjo over-fed the former prisoner. After all that feast, my stomach was too heavy for me to ger off the chair and come here…..all along the crowd was in stiches. Then boomed “Winnie Mandela, Woman of Courage” a hit single released the previous year by popular female singer, Onyeka Onwenu. The crowd sang along…
A few weeks later, I met Dikgang in Lagos. He told how the Mandela visit to Obasanjo was finally brokered. He personally sought audience with President Ibrahim Babangida. It was finally agreed that before Anambra State, he would go to Obasanjo’s farm provided a number of security concerns were refined – which finally happened.
He joins a powerful line up of departed ANC Chief Reps: Victor Matlou (Nigeria); James Stewart (Madagascar); Max Moabi (Angola); Boyce Bocebo and Max Mlonyeni (both Regional Chief Reps in Zambia) Thami Sindelo (Italy); Vusi Shangase (USA West Coast) etc.
Dikgang had numerous engagements in the Frontline States prior to that time.

Go Well Big Chief.

Naledi Pandor

MEDIA STATEMENT ON STUDENT FUNDING BY THE MINISTER OF HIGHER EDUCATION & TRAINING, NALEDI PANDOR: IMBIZO MEDIA CENTRE, PARLIAMENT

In 2017 the government announced a significant change to student funding from 2018. The academic year has got off to a fairly smooth start following strenuous efforts by all stakeholders to ensure that the new funding programme is introduced with ease.

I wish to thank all stakeholders for the manner in which they offered guidance and support. There are of course continued difficult challenges that we still need to iron out including ensuring that all students who meet funding criteria get the funding due to them.

The department is working closely with NSFAS to ensure that it happens. Before I reflect on progress and challenges I wish to set out the details of the bursary scheme introduced this year.

Additional government funding of R7.166 billion in 2018 has been allocated to fund bursaries for children of poor and working class families entering universities and TVET colleges, with R4.581 billion set aside for qualifying university students and R2.585 billion for TVET college students.

As a result the baseline allocation to NSFAS to support poor and working class university and TVET students, will increase from the R9.849 billion in 2017/18 to R35.321 billion in 2020/21. This implies a need for improved efficiency and systems development at NSFAS. We have therefore allocated an additional R105 million over the Medium Term Expenditure Framework to assist NSFAS to increase and strengthen its administrative capacity.

What has changed is that government will support poor and working class students through an expanded bursary scheme, which replaces the previous loan and partial bursary scheme. Although first time entering students will not be expected to pay back the cost of their bursaries, they will be expected to meet certain conditions and expectations, including those relating to satisfactory academic performance and service conditions. The exact details are being finalised. I am pleased to announce that good progress has been made since the announcement to ensure that the new bursary scheme is implemented successfully.

In the case of TVET colleges, students in all years of study from families earning a gross combined annual income of up to R350 000, and who are registered (enrolled) for the

National Certificates (Vocational) and Report 191 programmes at any public TVET college, will receive a bursary to cover their tuition fee and learning materials.

The increase in funding for 2018/19 will support 458 875 students to receive tuition bursaries. Based on historical data and the enrolment targets for 2018/19, it is estimated that more than 90% of TVET college students will benefit.

In addition, enrolled TVET college students who meet the requirements for travel and/or accommodation and meals, will also be supported for these. Approximately 50 480 TVET college students will qualify for accommodation and food, and a further 82 600 will qualify for transport allowances.

In the case of universities, the full cost of study DHET bursary scheme for poor and working class South Africans is being phased in from 2018, starting with first time entry (FTEN) students from South African families with a gross combined annual income of up to R350 000. Each year a new cohort will benefit from the scheme. All continuing existing NSFAS funded university students will receive their funding in 2018 and for the completion of their studies as grants rather than as loans.

The new funding allocation for first time entry university students is expected to fund approximately 40% (83 200) of the 208 000 spaces for new entrants at universities in 2018. The final number of students funded will only be known later in the year.

We have instructed all universities to keep within their enrolment targets, which determines how many students and in which fields of study, can be admitted to each university. Over 400 000 potential students applied for NSFAS this year. NSFAS is still in the process of integrating the registration data from institutions with its own funding eligibility data. NSFAS will be able to confirm final numbers once all registered students who match the financial eligibility criteria submit the requisite information. I am concerned at reports that many students who have submitted are not yet receiving their allocation.

Funding has been advanced to TVET colleges, to ensure that enrolments and tuition could continue without delay. Reconciliation of enrolled and funded students is currently underway between TVET colleges and NSFAS.

The implementation requires significant cooperation between NSFAS and institutions. My Department has been working closely with NSFAS, Universities South Africa (USAf), the South African Colleges Principals Organisation (SACPO) and student representative councils of universities and TVET colleges to ensure the effective roll out and

implementation of the DHET Bursary Scheme in 2018. Again, I wish to thank all stakeholders for their support.

In 2017, NSFAS migrated fully to the new “student-centred model”. There are still some challenges with finalising the 2017 intake, especially where qualifying students have not yet signed their loan agreement forms. I am aware that some continuing senior students have not yet had their funding finalised for the 2017 academic year. I find this to be unacceptable and have instructed my department and NSFAS to work with institutions to deal with the outstanding cases as a matter of urgency.

There are still significant challenges with regards to system integration between NSFAS and institutions.

This has affected the submission of registration data to NSFAS. The exchange of data is crucial, as this will confirm to NSFAS that students assessed to be eligible for funding in terms of the means test are registered at an institution. This data integration also enables NSFAS to generate a bursary agreement form, which must be signed by the registered student before funding is allocated to the student. Once agreements are signed, students receive their funding allocations.

Some institutions report that they have submitted required data but students have not received funds. I have instructed NSFAS to urgently address the integration issues and work with the affected institutions. It is crucial that NSFAS finalises the 2018 funding decisions urgently to ensure that all eligible students are confirmed, bursary agreements are signed and students get their allowances.

Student organisations have indicated concerns about allowance payments and these are being addressed. I intend to release data on beneficiaries during my budget speech in May.

I have decided that we must assess all NSFAS processes and systems this year, and address all the identified problems that have been brought to our attention. The DHET will ensure that the NSFAS systems are effectively integrated into the colleges and university systems and that NSFAS staff work closely with financial aid offices at institutional level to address any problems. Every single delay has a real effect on students, on their ability to access accommodation and food, books and ultimately on their ability to succeed. We simply cannot fail to distribute funding to students when it is available.

Students, we are attending to these problems and I urge you to sign your bursary agreements as soon as they are available. Any senior students who have not signed their 2017 loan agreement forms or schedule of particulars must do so immediately! You have a responsibility to ensure that the institution that supported you is paid.

Universities and colleges must work with NSFAS and assist with ensuring that their IT systems are compatible and that all the data integration issues are dealt with. Doing this will enable you to support your students better and have their fees paid over to yourselves by NSFAS sooner.

More will be done to ensure success of the NSFAS ‘student-centred’ model. I have directed NSFAS to ensure that the relationship between NSFAS and the Financial Aid Offices at our institutions is re-established for purposes of ensuring effective implementation.

We must enable institutions to have staff who can answer all NSFAS relat

Regional Energy Experts Meeting Gets Underway this Week

The Second Meeting of the Technical Steering Committee of the Project on Enhancement of a Sustainable Regional Energy Market in the Eastern Africa- Southern Africa-Indian Ocean (EA-SA- IO) Region takes place in Swakopmund, Namibia, 25 – 26 April 2018.

The project seeks to address market governance and regulatory related challenges affecting
the implementation of energy development projects in the Eastern Africa, Southern Africa and
Indian Ocean region. It is supported by a seven million euros fund provided under the 11th
European Development Fund (EDF) for a period of four years since the signing of the grant
delegation agreement with COMESA in May 2017.

The Technical Steering Committee meeting will review the status of implementation of the
first one year of the project, provide guidance to ensure attainment of the project’s objectives
and induct new members of the Project Management Team. The meeting brings together five Regional Economic Communities: The Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) the East African Community (EAC,) Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) and the Southern Africa Development Community (SADC).

Others are the Regional Association of Energy Regulators, Regional Power Pools,
Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Centres and the representatives of the European
Union Delegations to the three sub-regions. The COMESA Regional Association of Energy
Regulators for Eastern and Southern Africa (RAERESA) coordinates the implementation of
the programme.

The programme has three results areas: the first is a regionally harmonized energy regulatory
framework adopted by regional and national regulatory institutions, with particular emphasis
on cross border issues to encourage investments in the region. The second is the enhancement of regulatory capacity of the National Regulatory Authorities and strengthening capacity of the Regional Associations (RAERESA, EREA and RERA) and Power Pools (EAPP and SAPP) to proactively influence developments in the energy sector. Thirdly, the enhancement of the development of renewable energy and energy efficiency strategy, policies and regulatory guidelines to attract investments in clean energy and build capacity in clean energy in the region as well as the domestication on a demand driven basis.

Archie Sibeko

DEATH HAS ROBBED THE ANC VETERANS LEAGUE OF ANOTHER STALWART FROM THE LUTHULI DETACHMENT.

Today 21 April 2018, we bid farewell to two giants of the
ANC and the Luthuli detachment, comrade Zola Skweyiya
who is presently being buried in Tshwane, and comrade
Archie Sibeko Aka- Zola Zembe popularly known as ZZ who
is put to rest here at Kwezana village near Alice.
We hazard to say, in the words of one our former presidents:
Not anywhere in free South Africa, stand a statue and a
monument which speak to us and all future time to say: once
upon a time, our country was blessed to have as its citizens
these who, though dead, are brought to life by every day’s
dawn, that portends fulfilment for all the people of our
motherland. Comrade ZZ , is one of those brave men and
women who vowed by the spirit of no surrender who the
former president referred to, the generation of the roaring
sixties.

Comrade ZZ, a recipient of the Order of Luthuli in Silver, was
a member of the ANC and the South African Communist
Party. He was arrested and accused in the Treason Trial in
1956. However, he remained a champion in the struggle for
the liberation of South Africa.
Comrade ZZ was forced to leave the country when the ANC
was banned in 1960 and joined Umkhonto We Sizwe. He
wasamongst the first to be sent to the front to do battle with
both the Rhodesian government and the Apartheid military
forces.
In exile one of comrade ZZ task was also to mobilize funds from the international community to support the SouthAfrican trade union movement. These funds were channeled
to specific unions to support their underground work.On a personal note, I first met comrade ZZ when he frequented Botswana in the mid 70’s before the Soweto
uprising. He helped to build strong underground structures of the ANC and SACTU inside the country. Comrades Isaac Makopo, Keith Mokoape and I would secure safe houses in Gaborone where he clandestinely met operatives from South Africa.
During the Soweto uprisings, when thousands of young
people fled the country to be trained as freedom fighters,
Comrade Zola Zembe was always there at our residence in
Bontleng in Gaborone, where he provided political education
to the young impatient militants.
His commitment to strong trade unions saw the birth of
COSATU and a strong South African Railways and Harbours
Workers Union(SARHWU).
Comrade ZZ is one of the last generation of ANC stalwart and
veteran who were members of the South African Railway &
Harbours Workers Union (SARHWU) and who later co-
founded the first nonracial trade union movement, South
African Congress of Trade Unions (SACTU) in March 1955.

As an honest, dedicated and committed cadre of our
glorious movement the ANC, the split in COSATU, the demise
of SARHWU, which is now the South African Transport and
Allied Workers Union, and the gradual drop in the ANC
confidence from the masses of our people, occasioned by
arrogance, factionalism, gatekeeping ,corruption and
dishonesty, has taken a toll on your health.
As the Veterans League of the ANC, we would like to assure
you that we shall strive to bring back the sacred values and
traditions of our glorious movement.
In your honor we commit to work hard and tirelessly to
unite the South African society, the ANC and its
revolutionary alliance. We shall endeavor to mobilize
resources to form credible branches and regions of the ANC
Veterans League.
We will hold our leadership to account and ensure that your
teachings and the values of our glorious movement of
selfness, honesty are upheld.
As always, we are ready to serve.
Lala ngo xolo Cde Zola Zembe
Snuki Zikalala
President of the ANC Veterans League